G S Rehill's Interactive Maths Software Series - "Building a Strong Foundation in Mathematics" from mathsteacher.com.au.

Order a 12-month Year 7 Interactive Maths software Homework Licence for only $19.95. Order a 12-month Year 8 Interactive Maths software Homework Licence for only $19.95. Order a 12-month Year 9 Interactive Maths software Homework Licence for only $19.95. Order a 12-month Year 10 Interactive Maths software Homework Licence for only $19.95.

Year 7 Interactive Maths - Second Edition


Area of a Right-Angled Triangle

Consider a rectangle of length l cm and width w cm.

A rectangle

Draw a diagonal and cut out the rectangle.  Then cut along the diagonal to form two right-angled triangles.

By arranging one triangle over the other, we find that the triangles are congruent.  In other words, the triangles are the same size and thus, equal in area.  This suggests that the area of a triangle is equal to half the area of a rectangle around it.  Therefore:

Area of Triangle = lw/2

In the diagram, we notice that the length of the rectangle is one side of the triangle.  This is said to be the base of the triangle.  So:

Base of the triangle = Length of the rectangle

The distance from the top of the triangle to the base is called the height of the triangle.  Therefore:

Height of the triangle = Width of the rectangle

Change the labels on the rectangle

Replacing l and w with the Base and Height in equation (1), we obtain:

Area of a triangle is equal to half the base times the height

Using the pronumerals A for area, b for base and h for height, we can write the formula for the area of a right-angled triangle as:

A = bh/2


Area of a Triangle

Consider the following triangle.

Triangle

Enclose the triangle by drawing a rectangle around it as shown below.

Draw a rectangle around the triangle

It is clear from the diagram that the length of the rectangle is one side of the triangle.  This is said to be the base of the triangle.  So:

Base of the triangle = Length of the rectangle

The distance from the top of the triangle to the base is called the height of the triangle.  Clearly:

Height of the triangle = Width of the rectangle

Area of a triangle is equal to half the base times the height

Using the pronumerals A for area, b for base and h for height, we can write the formula for the area of a triangle as:

A = bh/2


Note:

The rule (or equation)

A = bh/2

represents the relationship between the base and height of a triangle and its area.  Such an equation, which gives a rule for working out the value of one quantity from the values of others is called a formula.


Just to recap the ongoing discussion:
A triangle with base b units and height h units has an area of A square units given by the formula

A = bh/2

Triangle with base b and height h


Example 3

Find the area of a triangle with base 8 cm and height 5 cm.

Solution

Triangle with base 8 cm and height 5 cm

Area is 20 square centimetres


Key Terms

congruent, base of a triangle, height of a triangle


| Home Page | Order Maths Software | About the Series | Maths Software Tutorials |
| Year 7 Maths Software | Year 8 Maths Software | Year 9 Maths Software | Year 10 Maths Software |
| Homework Software | Laptop Schools | Tutor Software | Maths Software Platform | Trial Maths Software |
| Feedback | About mathsteacher.com.au | Terms and Conditions | Our Policies | Links | Contact |

Copyright 2000-2014 mathsteacher.com Pty Ltd.  All rights reserved.
Australian Business Number 53 056 217 611

Copyright instructions for educational institutions

Please read the Terms and Conditions of Use of this Website and our Privacy and Other Policies.
If you experience difficulties when using this Website, tell us through the feedback form or by phoning the contact telephone number.