| Cones and cylinders have curved surfaces as shown below. So, they are
not prisms or polyhedra.
If one end of a line is rotated about a second fixed line while keeping
the line's other end fixed, then a cone is formed. The point
about which the line is rotated is called the vertex and the base of
the cone is a circle.
A cone is said to be right when the vertex is directly above the
centre of the base.
The net of a three-dimensional object is a representation of its
faces in two dimensions.
The net of a cone consists of the following two parts:
- a circle that gives the base; and
- a sector that gives the curved surface
If a line is rotated about a second fixed line while keeping both lines parallel, then a cylinder is formed.
- The fixed line about which the line is rotated is called the axis
- The base of the cylinder is a circle and the top of the cylinder is
also a circle.
- A cylinder is said to be right when the line joining the centre
of the base and the centre of the top is perpendicular to the base of
- The cross-sections parallel to the base are circles and are all
The net of a cylinder consists of three parts:
- One circle gives the base and another circle gives the top.
- A rectangle gives the curved surface.
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